Posts Tagged ‘shingles’


A pitched roof has sloping surfaces at an angle of more than 20 degrees. On the other hand, a pitched roof may refer to two slopes of a roof meting at a central ridge. Generally, pitch refers to the vertical raise of a roof to the horizontal extension. A pitched roof is regarded as an effective and reliable way of making a building weather proof. Nowadays, pitched roofs are constructed using pre-fabricated frames known as trusses/rafters. The trussed rafters are designed and manufactured according to the precise loading requirements of a building. The loading requirements take into consideration the roof pitch, span and the weight of the slates and tiles to be used. Trussed roofs are not suitable for conversion since changing r removing any component would out rightly weaken the whole structure. This is unlike the traditional roofs where much of the roof’s load was centered on the purlins. There are several pitched roof styles including gabled, hipped and mansard pitch roofs.

Factors to consider for pitched roofing,

The greater the roof’s pitch, the more costly and difficult the roofing work is. Due to the added regulations and safety hazards, if the roof is too steep to access or stand on, then ensure that you hire a licensed contractor for the roofing job. This is mainly because such a contractor is bound to have the necessary equipment and specialized knowledge to provide workers with the necessary protection against falls. In order to ensure that federal guidelines are not violated and that the employees are well protected, it is vital that the contractor understands and uses fall arrest systems, guard rails, and safety nets that help prevent serious injuries.

The slope of pitched roofs makes them more difficult to work on during maintenance. Despite their good drainage, pitched roofs require regular inspection and frequent maintenance. On the other hand, failure to often inspect drains and gutters may leave them to be clogged and therefore, they will be damaged quicker.

The pitch you select plays a vital role in determining the roofing material for your roof. For example, shingle roofing is unfit for low-pitched roofs where moisture can easily accumulate. On the other hand, a steep-pitched roof is unsuitable for most roofing products that are single-ply. Asphalt shingles may be best suited for steep-pitched roofs.

Pitched roofs are a bit expensive as compared to flat roofs. However, this may not make up for the subsequent long-term benefits in terms of costs incurred during maintenance. Due to their reduced susceptibility to moisture, pitched roofs are best suited for wet climates.

Over the years, homeowners have taken the advantage of the extra space provided by pitched roofs to increase thee living space. Most commonly, the attic space is converted into extra bedrooms.
All these factors play important roles in determining the type of roof you settle for. Therefore, it is vital to know the facts surrounding the decision you make. Your choice should not only fit your budget but also all your needs and preferences if possible since style is bound to have an influence on the decision you make. It would help to have a professional contractor advise you on the type and style of roof you settle for

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English: This image exhibits the different pit...

English: This image exhibits the different pitches (rise/run) for roofs, and the number corresponding to that pitch is displayed below the roof line. The number is spoken as “1 in 12” (for the first pitch provided). This means that for every 1 unit of rise, the roof has 12 units of run. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Last time i was here i blabbed about how to get on the roof safely and now we’ll talk about how to remove the existing roof and prep for the new roof that requires smooth and nail free deck.
When installing a new roof, capping the ridges are the last thing to do but since we are installing a new roof, we start removing the capping first. Pry all the roofing nails with RED ripper and remove all the caps. Hold on a second; did you tie yourself down? Gravity and height are very dangerous to mess with. Hook your lanyard to the rope-grab or some call it choker and adjust your rope length as you work. Normally i would rip 2 sheets at a time and make myself a pile to grab with my ripper and launch it in the trailer if trailer is just there. If not the wheel barrow has to make few trips. Once all the shingles are cleared off the roof, broom the dirt and dust of the deck as much as possible. Its time to check for any nails left behind and pry it all out. Check for any lose, bowed, spongy and rotten plywood and if any replace. Now we have a solid and clean roof deck to prep for the new roof.

Depending on the pitch of the roof we will determine how many feet of ice and water shield is needed. Are there any metal valleys? If there is any, i would install¬† 3 feet of ice folded in to 1.5 from bottom of the valley to the top before the valley. Once the metal valleys are in and chalked lined 4 inches at the bottom and 2 inches at the top we will install 3 feet of ice and water shield on both sides of the valley to sandwich the metal for a life lasting seal. I always sandwich my valleys doesn’t matter what the pitch is. If this is a typical one story bungalow with 3/12 pitch, we need 9 feet of ice and water shield. If it was 6/12 slope six feet of ice and water shield would be more than enough but 3 or 4 twelve pitch needs to be sealed very carefully. Ice dams are more likely to back in to the house if this is a low slope home and there is not enough ice and water shield. It’s very easy to install. Overlap lines are printed on the roll. Drive 3 roofing nails and unroll the length you need and cut with a straight blade. Hook knife works too but you have to be quick. Align the ice&water with the drip-edge if there is any, if not install drip-edge. Peel the bottom film and stick, peel the top film and stick. Re-align if needed and nail the top line with hand nails. Repeat the same step any times as you like 3, 6 and 9 feet. Cover the rest of the exposed deck with #15 or #30 felt paper with hand nails or staples but i personally hand nail it. Once the entire roof is prepped it should be water tight.

Installing the shingles does take time but not as much as removal and prepping. I only install step at a time. I’ll build myself a staircase along the edge or a valley and work myself up. Some like to install it straight up but that would be incorrect. Manufacturer will void your warranty if it is not installed according to manufacturer guidelines. Every bundle has the installation details printed on the wrapper. If using an air gun be sure to adjust the debt of the nail. If nails are going thru the shingle, adjust the compressor and the gun for a smooth landing. Once nails are flush with the shingle than we are in business. 4 nails per shingle if it’s a 25 years 3-tap shingle, 5 to 6 nails per architectural high wind shingles.
When capping the ridges, use chalk line for a straight finish. Minimum 2 nails per cap. Caulk any exposed finishing nails, around the vents and plumber boots. Good clean up around the house will complete the projects.

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Line art drawing of a shingle roof

Line art drawing of a shingle roof (Photo credit: Wikipedia) Stepping


Sketch of double extension ladder

Sketch of double extension ladder (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There are many different ways of doing things but there is always and do’s and don’ts. When it comes to replacing a pitched roof there are many factors to take into consideration. Safety is always the number one issue when it comes to heights.
Before i walk you thru this there must be a check list for anyone who is willing do attempt a DIY project. First of all there are many hand tools that you’ll need to have prior to starting things like; a long extension ladder, rippers, roof jacks, planks, tool pouch, hook blade and knife, hammer, hatched, harness, rope, rope grab, 3 inch spikes/nails, measuring tape, knee pads, gloves, broom, tin snips, rake and a cooler full of drink. If using a air gun will need a compressor and long air hoses.

Lets get up there and secure ourselves. Extend the ladder 3 feet higher than the actual contact point where the ladder meets the roof. Be sure to place the ladder where its flat and grass is always preferred by me personally. If you ask why; i like to use the teeth on the ladders base and drive it right into the grass for a more stable ground so that the ladder will never move or shift. Once the needed height is reached, tie the ladder rope so that it will be the permanent setting. Always use 3 point contact when climbing a ladder. We made it on to the roof and now we must anchor ourselves. Use 3 inch spikes/nails and hammer your roof anchor to the peek of the roof on to the roof trusses. If nails are not catching anything  solid, relocate your anchor. Be sure to drive at least two nails on each sides of the anchor. Hook your rope to your anchor, attach your rope grab to the rope (be sure to look at the proper direction on the rope grab), connect your lanyard to your harness and then connect the other end of your lanyard to the rope grab. Test the rope grab and make sure it locks when the needed weight is applied. We are safe and secure on the roof, its time to start working.

Horsing around on a high roof can be very dangerous for yourself and the others. If this is your first time roofing be sure to get someone experienced to help you.


Roof Turbine Vents

Roof Turbine Vents (Photo credit: noraxx) It only works when there is WIND

Soffits

Soffits (Photo credit: mindy_g)

Roofing Shingles 06-13-2008 017

Roofing Shingles 06-13-2008 017 (Photo credit: samuel_belknap)

English: Severe shrinkage and weathering of as...

(Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It’s not the shingles that go bad every so often, it’s the improper intake and exhaust system that is not performing like it supposed to. If the temperature in your attic is much different from outside, that is a perfect sign.

An attic that is not venting properly could cause many problems during summer and winter to your roof and to your pocket if you ask me. Lack of ventilation causes ice damming and condensation during winter months and it can get ugly. During summer months your attic will act like a furnace cooking the certain areas of your home. Your roof shingles are always under the sun and it is designed to expand and shrink depending on the temperature. When there is lack of ventilation that can be caused by improper intake system which is referred to your soffit that is designed to allow the fresh air to enter your attic and balance the temperature.

Anyone can replace a roof but not everyone is willing to make your roofing system to perform like it should. Many times the homeowners would think that we are trying to up sell the product. Some homeowners they actually do their own research and agree with the report that we reported to correct the existing issues. Other homeowners keep experiencing the same problem few years in a row after spending a ton of money on ice and snow removal, drywall, painting, new roof etc…… Once they come to their senses, it is already too late but never to late to fix a simple problem to save money in the long run.

Listen to our advice, it is free. do a little research, don’t get 10 quotes and confuse yourself. Pick up the phone and call us about your concern and we will be more than happy to answer any questions you may have. We offer free quotes and estimates for roofing, siding, soffit, fascia, gutters, foundations repairs and snow removal services.